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Characterization of a methyljasmonate-inducible lipoxygenase from barley (Hordeum vulgare cv. Salome) leaves.

Voeroes K., Feussner I., Kuehn H., Lee J., Graner A., Loebler M., Parthier B., Wasternack C.

Eur. J. Biochem. 251: 36-44 (1998)


We found three methyl jasmonate-induced lipoxygenases with molecular masses of 92 kDa, 98 kDa, and 100 kDa (LOX-92, -98 and -100) [Feussner, I., Hause, B., Voros, K., Parthier, B. & Wasternack, C. (1995) Plant J. 7, 949-957]. At least two of them (LOX-92 and LOX-100), were shown to be localized within chloroplasts of barley leaves. Here, we describe the isolation of a cDNA (3073 bp) coding for LOX-100, a protein of 936 amino acid residues and a molecular mass of 106 kDa. By sequence comparison this lipoxygenase could be identified as LOX2-type lipoxygenase and was therefore designated LOX2:Hv:1. The recombinant lipoxygenase was expressed in Escherichia coli and characterized as linoleate 13-LOX and arachidonate 15-LOX, respectively. The enzyme exhibited a pH optimum around pH 7.0 and a moderate substrate preference for linoleic acid. The gene was transiently expressed after exogenous application of jasmonic acid methyl ester with a maximum between 12 h and 18 h. Its expression was not affected by exogenous application of abscisic acid. Also a rise of endogenous jasmonic acid resulting from sorbitol stress did not induce LOX2:Hv:1, suggesting a separate signalling pathway compared with other jasmonate-induced proteins of barley. The properties of LOX2:Hv:1 are discussed in relation to its possible involvement in jasmonic acid biosynthesis and other LOX forms of barley identified so far.

LOX-DB entries related to this article: hv-lox-1