|LOX-DB - LipOXygenases DataBase|
LOX-DB - Literature
The structure of mammalian 15-lipoxygenase reveals similarity to the lipases and the determinants of substrate specificity.
Gillmor S.A., Villasenor A., Fletterick R., Sigal E., Browner M.F.Nat. Struct. Biol. 4: 1003-1009 (1997)
Here we report the first structure of a mammalian 15-lipoxygenase. The protein is composed of two domains; a catalytic domain and a previously unrecognized beta-barrel domain. The N-terminal beta-barrel domain has topological and sequence identify to a domain in the mammalian lipases, suggesting that these domains may have similar functions in vivo. Within the C-terminal domain, the lipoxygenase substrate binding site is a hydrophobic pocket defined by a bound inhibitor. Arachidonic acid can be docked into this deep hydrophobic pocket with the methyl end extending down into the bottom of the pocket and the acid end tethered by a conserved basic residue on the surface of the enzyme. This structure provides a unifying hypothesis for the positional specificity of mammalian lipoxygenases.