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Site-directed mutagenesis studies on the iron-binding domain and the determinant for the substrate oxygenation site of porcine leukocyte arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase.
Suzuki H., Kishimoto K., Yoshimoto T., Yamamoto S., Kanai F., Ebina Y., Miyatake A., Tanabe T.Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1210: 308-316 (1994)
cDNA for arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase of porcine leukocytes was expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant 12-lipoxygenase was purified by immunoaffinity chromatography to near homogeneity with a specific activity of about 1.5 mumol/min per mg protein. Each of eight histidine residues, which were well-conserved among various mammalian lipoxygenases and presumed as ligands for non-heme iron, was substituted with leucine by site-directed mutagenesis. Each mutant enzyme was immunoaffinity-purified to near homogeneity. Mutations of His-361, -366 and -541 caused a total loss of enzyme activity, and the iron content was much lower (0.10, 0.06 and 0.06 g atom/mol protein) than that of the wild-type enzyme (0.53). Mutations of His-128 and -356 gave 159% and 162% specific activity of the wild-type enzyme, and the iron contents were 0.55 and 0.52 g atom/mol protein. Substitution of His-426 decreased the activity to 5%, but the iron content was 0.4 g atom/mol protein. The expression level of mutants at His-384 and -393 was too low to precisely determine the iron content. Taken together, His-361, -366 and -541 may play important roles for iron-binding in catalytically active 12-lipoxygenase. Since a high homology of amino acid sequence was known between porcine leukocyte 12-lipoxygenase and mammalian 15-lipoxygenases, we attempted to convert the 12-lipoxygenase to a 15-lipoxygenase. A double mutation of Val-418 and -419 to Ile and Met increased the ratio of 15- and 12-lipoxygenase activities from 0.1 to 5.7.