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LOX-DB - Literature


Lipoxygenase Modulation to Reverse Carcinogenesis

Shureiqi I., Lippman S.M.

Cancer Res. 61: 6307-6312 (2001)

Abstract:

New studies of the relationship between polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism and carcinogenesis have led to novel molecular targets for cancer chemoprevention research. These targets include procarcinogenic lipoxygenases (LOXs), including 5-, 8-, and 12-LOX, and anticarcinogenic LOXs, including 15-LOX-1 and possibly 15-LOX-2. Recent studies indicate that 15-LOX-1 is down-regulated in colorectal cancer cells and that the ability of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a class of clinically active cancer chemopreventive agents, to induce apoptosis and growth inhibition in these cells was dependent on the induction of 15-LOX-1 and its metabolic product 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid. Consistent with the colorectal studies, 15-LOX very recently has shown anticarcinogenic activity in esophageal and prostatic carcinogenesis. Inhibitors of other LOXs (e.g., 5-LOX) have preclinical anticarcinogenic activity and are being developed for clinical chemoprevention study. These and other LOX data led us to propose that the various LOX pathways exist in a dynamic balance that shifts during carcinogenesis toward 5-, 8-, and 12-LOX (and cyclooxygenase-2) and away from 15-LOX. A novel approach for cancer chemoprevention would involve LOX modulators, i.e., agents that can induce the anticarcinogenic and/or inhibit the procarcinogenic LOXs, thereby shifting the balance of LOX activities from procarcinogenic to anticarcinogenic metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

LOX-DB entries related to this article: h-12r-lox - h-15-lox - h-15-lox-2 - h-5-lox - h-p12-lox