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In situ amplification of 5-lipoxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein in allergic airway inflammation and inhibition by leukotriene blockade.

Chu SJ , Tang LO , Watney E , Chi EY , Henderson WR Jr

J Immunol 165: 4640-4648 (2000)

Abstract:

Leukotrienes are important mediators of the eosinophilic influx and mucus hypersecretion in the lungs in a murine model of asthma. We used in situ PCR in this model of human asthma to detect lung mRNA for 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and 5-LO-activating protein (FLAP), key proteins necessary for leukotriene synthesis. Lung tissue was obtained on day 28 from mice treated with i.p. (days 0 and 14) and intranasal (days 14, 25, 26, and 27) OVA or saline. After fixation, the tissue sections underwent protease- and RNase-free DNase digestion, before in situ RT-PCR using target-specific cDNA amplification. 5-LO and FLAP-specific mRNA was visualized by a digoxigenin detection system, and positive cells were analyzed by morphometry. 5-LO and FLAP-specific mRNA and protein were associated primarily with eosinophils and alveolar macrophages in the airways and pulmonary blood vessels in OVA-sensitized/challenged mice. 5-LO and FLAP protein expression increased on a per-cell basis in alveolar macrophages of OVA-treated mice compared with saline controls. Pulmonary blood vessel endothelial cells were also positive for 5-LO, FLAP mRNA, and protein. 5-LO inhibition significantly decreased 5-LO and FLAP-specific mRNA and protein expression in the lung inflammatory cells and endothelial cells. These studies demonstrate a marked increase in key 5-LO pathway proteins in the allergic lung inflammatory response and an important immunomodulatory effect of leukotriene blockade to decrease 5-LO and FLAP gene expression.

LOX-DB entries related to this article: m-5-lox - flap-mouse