LOX-DB - Literature
Arachidonate lipoxygenases as essential regulators of cell survival and apoptosis.
Tang DG, Chen YQ, Honn KV
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93: 5241-5246 (1996)
Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites derived from both cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) pathways transduce a variety of signals related to cell growth. Here, we report that the AA LOX pathway also functions as a critical regulator of cell survival and apoptosis. Rat Walker 256 (W256) carcinosarcoma cells express 12-LOX and synthesize 12(S)- and 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids as their major LOX metabolites. W256 cells transfected with 12-LOX-specific antisense oligonucleotide or antisense oligonucleotides directed to conserved regions of LOXs underwent time- and dose-dependent apoptosis. Likewise, treatment of W256 cells with various LOX but not COX inhibitors induced apoptotic cell death, which could be partially inhibited by exogenous 12(S)- or 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids. The W256 cell apoptosis induced by antisense oligos and LOX inhibitors was followed by a rapid downregulation of bcl-2 protein, a dramatic decrease in the bcl-2/bax ratio, and could be suppressed by bcl-2 overexpression. In contrast, p53, which is wild type in W256 cells, did not undergo alterations during apoptosis induction. The results suggest that the LOX pathway plays an important physiological role in regulating apoptosis.