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15-lipoxygenase-2 (15-LOX-2) is expressed in benign prostatic epithelium and reduced in prostate adenocarcinoma.

Shappell SB, Boeglin WE, Olson SJ, Kasper S, Brash AR

Am J Pathol 155: 235-245 (1999)


Human 15S-lipoxygenase-2 (15-LOX-2) is a recently identified lipoxygenase that has approximately 40% sequence identity to the known human 5S-, 12S-, and 15S-lipoxygenases. 15-LOX-2 has a limited tissue distribution, with mRNA detected in prostate, lung, skin, and cornea, but not in numerous other tissues, including peripheral blood leukocytes. In the current study, we have characterized the distribution of 15-LOX-2 in the human prostate by immunohistochemistry, demonstrated the ability of benign prostate tissue to form 15S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15S-HETE) from exogenous arachidonic acid (AA), and begun characterizing possible alterations in 15-LOX-2 in prostate adenocarcinoma. Incubation of benign prostate tissue with [14C]AA resulted in formation of [14C]15-HETE, as determined by reverse- and straight-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. 15-HETE was the major AA metabolite formed. By immunohistochemistry, 15-LOX-2 is located in secretory cells of peripheral zone glands and large prostatic ducts and somewhat less uniformly in apical cells of transition and central zone glands. 15-LOX-2 was not detected in the basal cell layer, stroma, ejaculatory ducts, seminal vesicles, or transitional epithelium. Immunostaining of 18 radical prostatectomy specimens showed a loss of 15-LOX-2 in the majority of prostate adenocarcinomas; 14 of 18 cases showed loss of 15-LOX-2 in >25% of the tumor (mean, 74.9% negative for 15-LOX-2; range, 38.9% to 100%). Incubation of paired pure benign and pure malignant prostate tissue from the same radical prostatectomies showed that 15-HETE formation was markedly reduced (>90%) or undetectable in incubations of prostate adenocarcinoma. 15-LOX-2 is a novel human lipoxygenase with a limited tissue distribution that is strongly expressed in benign prostate glandular epithelium and lost to a variable degree in the majority of prostate adenocarcinomas.