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Concordant induction of 15-lipoxygenase-1 and mutant p53 expression in human prostate adenocarcinoma: correlation with Gleason staging.

Kelavkar UP, Cohen C, Kamitani H, Eling TE, Badr KF

Carcinogenesis 21: 1777-1787 (2000)

Abstract:

We recently reported that the mutant form of the tumor-suppressor gene p53 up-regulates 15-LO-1 gene expression in a murine cell line. Here, we examine the expression of 15-lipoxygenase (LO)-1 and mutant p53 (mtp53) in human prostatic tissues and 15-LO-1 in the human prostate adenocarcinoma cell line PC-3. Reverse transcription-PCR and western analyses conclusively demonstrated expression of 15-LO-1 in PC-3 cells. Western blotting for 15-LO-1 in freshly resected 'normal' and prostate adenocarcinoma specimens showed 15-LO-1 expression in normal tissue, but significantly higher levels were detected in prostate adenocarcinomas. Prostate adenocarcinoma tissues generated chirally pure 13-S-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid from exogenous linoleic acid, a preferred substrate of 15-LO-1. To study the correlation of 15-LO-1 expression with mtp53 in prostate cancer, we immunostained 48 prostatectomy specimens obtained by transurethral resection of the prostate and needle biopsy (median age 68 years, range 52-93) of different Gleason grades (n = 48), using antibodies specific for 15-LO-1, mtp53 and MIB-1 (a proliferation marker). We compared staining in cancerous foci with adjacent normal appearing prostate tissues. In only 5 of 48 patients did 'normal' tissue adjacent to cancerous foci display staining for 15-LO-1. However, no staining for mtp53 was observed in any of the normal tissues. In cancer foci, robust staining was observed for both 15-LO-1 (36 of 48, 75%) and mtp53 (19 of 48, 39%). Furthermore, the intensities of expression of 15-LO-1 and mtp53 correlated positively with each other (P < 0.001) and with the degree of malignancy, as assessed by Gleason grading (P < 0.01). By immunohistochemistry, 15-LO-1 was located in secretory cells of peripheral zone glands, prostatic ducts and seminal vesicles, but not in the basal cell layer or stroma. Based on these and other studies, we propose a model describing a possible role for 15-LO-1 expression in influencing the malignant potential and pathobiological behavior of adenocarcinomas.