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LOX-DB - Literature


Growth control of lung cancer by interruption of 5-lipoxygenase-mediated growth factor signaling.

Avis IM, Jett M, Boyle T, Vos MD, Moody T, Treston AM, Martinez A, Mulshine JL

J Clin Invest 97: 806-813 (1996)

Abstract:

Signal transduction pathways shared by different autocrine growth factors may provide an efficient approach to accomplish clinically significant control of lung cancer growth. In this study, we demonstrate that two autocrine growth factors activate 5-lipoxygenase action of the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway in lung cancer cell lines. Both growth factors increased the production of 5(S)-hydrooxyeicosa-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z-tetraeno ic acid (5-HETE), a major early 5-lipoxygenase metabolic product. Exogenously added 5-HETE stimulated lung cancer cell growth in vitro. Inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase metabolism by selective antagonists resulted in significant growth reduction for a number of lung cancer cell lines. Primary clinical specimens and lung cancer cell lines express the message for the 5-lipoxygenase enzymes responsible for the generation of active metabolites. In vivo evaluation demonstrated that interruption of 5-lipoxygenase signaling resulted in enhanced levels of programmed cell death. These findings demonstrate that 5-lipoxygenase activation is involved with growth factor-mediated growth stimulation for lung cancer cell lines. Pharmacological intervention with lipoxygenase inhibitors may be an important new clinical strategy to regulate growth factor-dependent stages of lung carcinogenesis.