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Molecular cloning of a 12-lipoxygenase cDNA from rat brain.

Watanabe T., Medina J.F., Haeggstroem J.Z., Raadmark O.P., Samuelsson B.

Eur. J. Biochem. 212: 605-612 (1993)


A cDNA encoding an arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase from rat brain was obtained by polymerase chain reaction cloning. Primers specific for porcine leukocyte 12-lipoxygenase cDNA were used to isolate the initial polymerase-chain-reaction product (395 bp). The final sequence of the rat 12-lipoxygenase cDNA coding region (1989 bp) was verified by analysis of several separate polymerase-chain-reaction products. The open reading frame corresponded to a protein of 662 amino acid residues, with a calculated molecular mass of 75,305 Da. Also the rat 12-lipoxygenase contained the six conserved histidines, characteristic for all cloned lipoxygenases. It displayed the highest degree of identity to porcine leukocyte 12-lipoxygenase (71%) and to human 15-lipoxygenase (75%), with less resemblance to human platelet 12-lipoxygenase (59%) or rat leukocyte 5-lipoxygenase (41%). The recombinant enzyme was expressed in Escherichia coli and incubated with arachidonic acid. Primarily 12-lipoxygenase (but also some 15-lipoxygenase) enzyme activity was obtained. A part of the brain 12-lipoxygenase cDNA was used as probe in Northern blots. A 2.7-kb mRNA was more abundant in RNA from rat leukocytes, lung, and aorta, than in RNA from rat brain. Sequencing of parts of the corresponding cDNAs (from leukocytes and lung), and comparison to the brain 12-lipoxygenase sequence, indicated that these mRNAs from the different rat tissues were identical.

LOX-DB entries related to this article: rn-12-lox